The legend (and family) of Lizzie Borden

Lizzie Borden, one of America's most legendary murderers.

Lizzie Borden took an axe, gave her mother forty whacks; when she saw what she had done, she gave her father forty-one.” The gruesome lyrics of a children’s song about one of the most infamous murders which took place in 19th-century America have perpetuated in time the story of Lizzie Borden, a well-to-do middle-class spinster from Fall River, Massachusetts, who allegedly killed her father and stepmother in August 1892.  To this day, no one knows for sure what happened on that hot summer morning, when the dead bodies of Andrew J. Borden and his second wife, Abby, were found hacked to death with an axe or hatchet, in their large house in an otherwise peaceful neighbourhood of New England.

Lizzie Borden was the only real suspect ever to come forward, as there were very few other people who could have materially been responsible for the two deaths. She was put on trial for the double murder, but was found not guilty, despite the many contradictions of her testimony and the many gaps in her movements on the fateful day. Lizzie had a love-hate relationship with her father, whom she truly adored for many good and unsurprising reasons, but also grew to despise him for being a known skinflint and, more importantly, for taking as a new wife the unattractive, unappealing and unpleasant Abbey Durfee Gray. Lizzie and her only surviving sister, Emma, both loathed their stepmother, and the nature of the coldness between them was well-known to everyone who was acquainted with them.

Winston Churchill, Lizzie's distant cousin.

But like many people involved in the investigation, the Bordens had relatives populating almost every street in Fall River, Massachusetts. Perhaps today there are more people connected to the would-be murderess than we think. It is no wonder that this is so, for the Borden family are an old family originally from the English county of Kent who settled in New England in the 1600’s.

The large family stemmed into many branches, some of which still live in the area today. Many became important and famous personalities in their lifetime in their own right, and it is possible that in some cases they were unaware of their link with the family embroiled in the 1892 murder.

Marilyn Monroe also claims a distant kinship with the Borden family.

Among the illustrious cousins of Lizzie Borden, one can encounter inventors, entertainers and politicians alike. Gail Borden, who invented condensed milk in the 1850’s and founded the Borden Milk Company, was Lizzie’s distant cousin; the town of Gail (in Borden County, Texas) is named after him. Another famous cousin was Simeon Borden, was also an inventor and pioneering engineer in Fall River, where he died in 1856. His brother, Nathaniel Briggs Borden, turned to politics and became the US representative for Massachusetts; he was also mayor of Fall River on two occasions.

But Lizzie’s cousins didn’t only live in Massachusetts. Odd as it may sound (but then again, genealogy always hides dark secrets and reveals interesting links), British PM Winston Churchill was also related to Lizzie through his American-born mother, Jenny Jerome, whose maternal family came from New England. Even the legendary Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jean Baker) can claim some sort of distant kinship to the infamous murderess, for she is a direct descendant of Richard Borden (d.1671), who happens to be Lizzie’s ancestor as well. Sir Robert Laird Borden, Canada’s 8th Prime Minister, also figures in the Borden family tree, as do actress Olive Borden and Canadian minister Frederick Borden, whose son Harold died in the Second Boer War. But perhaps the biggest irony in the Borden family tree is that the late Elizabeth Montgomery, the actress who played the role of Lizzie Borden in a TV biopic, was actually Lizzie’s sixth cousin once removed.

Elizabeth Montgomery, in her role as Lizzie Borden, who was actually her sixth cousin.

In all, one can probably count hundreds if not thousands of both famous and anonymous individuals who are somehow related to Lizzie Borden and her family. Though no descendants of her immediate family survive (neither Lizzie nor her sister Emma had any children of their own), their story and their blood are unknowingly perpetuated in the world of today through their numerous distant cousins.

Watch the biopic about the Borden murders on the following link (part 1):

This entry was posted in Death, England, Famous Genealogy, Genealogy, Murder, United States. Bookmark the permalink.

29 Responses to The legend (and family) of Lizzie Borden

  1. Hello, this is very interesting. In my family we are all history geeks. We met a man named Simon Borden, one of Lizzie’s distant cousins on a boat trip on a fjord in Norway. Great post.

    • Dawsr says:

      How interesting Naomi! I wonder how you felt, and how Simon Borden would have felt too, upon discovering such an interesting blood link!

  2. sarah says:

    Where does Borden and Tripp cross? My grandfather is Warren Tripp who I was told is a cousin of Lizzie.

  3. Cheyenna Choate says:

    Hmmmm….. Interesting… im officially intrigued about the Borden Family Tree….

  4. Laila borden says:

    Wow! What interests me most is that I’m related to Marilyn Monroe, I was born on her birth day and I have recently taken a interest in her!

  5. Iris says:

    I am related to both the Bordens and the Tripps, of New Bedford/Fall River, is there a name I can look in my tree for to help anyone, I do not have the link to Elizabeth Montgomery though

  6. Taylor Conner says:

    Im related to her. Scary thought really. Borden married into Brown, Brown married into Crooker and Crooker married into Baggesen (my mothers maiden name) and in some way shape or form I’m related to Marilyn?! Wow…

  7. Liane says:

    I am related distantly to both Lizzy and Abby. our common ancestor is William Earle, with wife Mary Walker. Daughter Prudence married Ben Durfee, my line, and daughter Mary, married John Borden, Lizzys line. I had the best time researching this. And my greatest help was the LDS Mormon church ! Unlike, LDS vast library is always free. You can spend days tracing your family tree branches.

    • Iris says:

      Hi Liane, I have many Earle’s and Durfees in my tree, we must be connected somehow 🙂 as well as the Brown’s . Michael, I would love to see your Borden line if you would like to share.

      • Liane says:

        Hi Iris, isn’t this fun ? I love doing this, my Durfee line married into the Cox family ( from Orville’s line ) I have gotten my youngest son interested, he’s 14 and completely hooked, he has delved further into the tree and found Benjamin Franklin ! He has also found a really cool chart to use so you know exactly what your relationship is. And he is the Great Grand Nephew of Benjamin 🙂 He was thrilled, and would like me to share the chart with everyone, so here is the link. and yes we are probably related. Somewhere in my shaking of the Cox tree Abby fell out. She came from a direct Cox line ( although I can’t remember where without digging out all my papers ) but I am a closer link with her that with Lizzy. I enjoy this so much, but have so little time to spend anymore. and when I do it’s with my fathers line which dead ends in Massachusetts, from there on it’s off to England where the spelling takes so many changes, it’s like looking for a needle in a haystack. I have been working on that for 8 years now….whew….. When I’m feeling really in the mood for a challenge I go after my mothers line. She was German born and raised ! You haven’t had fun until you try to use a translator on that ! And no, I haven’t found anything or anyone yet. I will keep hunting. I absolutely love this site, it’s great ! And it’s great to meet and talk with you.

  8. Michael Johnson says:

    My father was Wayne Borden Johnson, of whom took his first wife’s last name. Brother to sister Gail Borden, my Aunt of whom which was named after the great Gail Borden, founding father of the Borden Product line. I do have in my possession the complete Borden genealogical database file and it is packed full of interesting things, somewhere along the lines of 16,000 relatives I think… I haven’t gotten that deep into it yet. As these databases are very hard to navigate. It’s pretty cool to be part of a family filled with such celebrity status.

    • Michael Johnson says:

      Sadly I do not share the Borden name due to some rather scandalous acts on my father’s part, considering I was conceived with another woman out of wedlock and while he was still married to his first wife, and eventually leaving them without word or explanation and support. The Borden family did not approve of this and basically in a sense disowned him for his actions and refused to allow him to pass the name on to me. My Aunt Gail was the only person I can ever remember meeting in the Borden family.

  9. Autumn Schmidtfranz says:

    I am related to Lizzie, thanks to extensive research, I found this and looked in documents of my own, and found Gail Bordens name. This is so cool!(:

  10. Stefanie says:

    Aren’t all Borden’s related somehow??? All of my fathers mothers side are all Borden’s. We live in Massachusetts.
    I am somehow a very distant cousin of Lizzie’s but I know nothing of the Borden family tree.
    Thank you,

  11. jessyc1 says:

    My Uncle is Charles Hodgate and his wife is Amanda E Borden Hodgate. Their great grandchildren are my cousins. I share cousins with all those individuals listed!

  12. Liane says:

    Hello everyone ! I love reading these, and to think, somewhere in the very distant past we all share 1 common ancestor. Wouldn’t it be amazing to find out who he is ? I am still at a dead end with my fathers direct line, but on a brighter note, I found the church I was baptized in, in a little tiny town in Germany called Buch-am-Forst, If that isn’t enough when I emailed the church asking if there were any of my mothers relatives still living there, I got back an e-mail from the pastor who not only remembered my mothers family, but was himself the pastor who had baptized me! and I am now in my 50 s, totally amazing. he placed a note on the church bulletin board for me. about a year later a woman who was visiting this town recognized the name of my cousin on the note. ( mind you this was 14 years ago ) she copied down my e-mail and took it to this woman, who sadly was not my cousin, but she was curious enough about this other woman with the same name that she kept the note for 14 years! and amazingly, one day met a woman with the same name! She passed the note with my name and email onto her, this woman then emailed me, headline ” Looking for my cousin” I was shaking when I opened that email, and she had the same names I did only some of mine were mixed up, after a few more emails, it was official! I had found my cousin ( or she found me ) whom I had not seen or spoken with since we were 7 years old ! (almost 50 years ago) It was amazing! we email back and forth like school girls, with my broken German and her broken English the emails are extremely funny. Unfortunately she has not kept in touch with any family at all, so once again I am at a dead end in my search for my mothers family line, but I found my cousin !! How amazing is that ? after all those years ? I know this really has nothing to do with tracing your family tree, but it is a story that warms my heart so much, I had to share it with everyone. So lets keep up this great work and find this 1 person, who we are all descendant’s of, and make it official. Then we can all say ” We are family”! God bless, everyone. Liane

  13. i am related to her as well. I was looking for a family tree online but its cool to know that Om related to Marilyn Monroe somehow!

    • Dawsr says:

      Hi Tayler, and thanks for dropping by! I hope you do find your link with Marilyn – mind you double check the sources!

  14. sevenmoonz says:

    Well hello distant family! Our family (Roberts/Sturtevant) are also distant cousins. Winston Churchill and Ms. Monroe huh? Interesting

    • Dawsr says:

      Hi Sevenmoonz, & thanks from dropping by! Being related to Churchill and Marilyn must be a pretty cool link to discover – but bear in mind you’ll need to verify this much. For all we know, you might be related to Lizzie Borden through a different branch than the one that connected her to those very historic figures!

  15. I post on the Lizzie Borden Society Forum, which is a forum dedicated to investigating the Bordens’ lives and the murders. There’s a lot of information on Borden ancestry on the site. So, if anyone is interested in Lizzie Borden or the Borden murders, try us out!

  16. Ward PRESTON borden says:

    Well my name is Preston Borden an me an my wife an family hope to vist the Borden bed an breakfast in June we are pretty excited about it….. P.s. I spent the last 40 years working with an axe , I’m a drywaller loll lol guess it runs in the family’

  17. Troy Doles says:

    My grandad married a women who was actually the great grandaughter of lizzie borden and now my uncle is related to lizzie borden which is so cool

  18. Brooke says:

    I am actually a relative I do not know what side or how far I just know my grandfather’s(on my mothers side) mother and step father (actually distant relatives to each other) are both related some how sorry for lack of info.

  19. Lottie T says:

    My daughter was told by her biological father Timothy Ritchie that they are related to Lizzie Borden some how and she looks a lot like her if someone does know anything try to contact me my name is Lottie and my daughter is Lakin.

    • Jesse Francis says:

      My Grandmother is Sarah A. Borden 1917-1993. My uncle Is Truman Borden. Lizzie is a close cousin of mine as well. Strange maybe that’s why were all crazy 😉

  20. Michele Keast says:

    Richard Borden and Joan Fowle are my 11th Great Grandparents. Lizzie is my 7th cousin 5x removed. Very interesting family.

  21. Marni Wheatley says:

    Hello everyone…my maiden name is Burden which I believe changed from Borden when the family immigrated to New Brunswick, Canada from Rhode Island. Does anyone have any knowledge of this?
    Sincerely Marni

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